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Cancer Answers is hosted by Dr. Anees Chagpar, Associate Professor of Surgical Oncology and Director of The Breast Center at Smilow Cancer Hospital at Yale-New Haven Hospital, and Dr. Francine Foss, Professor of Medical Oncology. The show features a guest cancer specialist who will share the most recent advances in cancer therapy and respond to listeners questions. Myths, facts and advances in cancer diagnosis and treatment are discussed, with a different focus eachweek. Nationally acclaimed specialists in various types of cancer research, diagnosis, and treatment discuss common misconceptions about the disease and respond to questions from the community.Listeners can submit questions to be answered on the program at canceranswers@yale.edu or by leaving a message at (888) 234-4YCC. As a resource, archived programs from 2006 through the present are available in both audio and written versions on the Yale Cancer Center website.

Yale Library Preserves Rare Footage of Jazz Legend Benny Goodman

Yale University
Among the film in Benny Goodman's papers is footage of the jazz legend's state-sponsored trips to Thailand and Moscow.
In 2008, the library's Benny Goodman film stock was starting to deteriorate.

More than 100 personal film reels of jazz legend Benny Goodman have been saved from permanent damage thanks to an extensive restoration project at Yale University. 

The reels are among the Benny Goodman Papers housed at the Irving S. Gilmore Music Library -- a vast collection of musical arrangements, 5,000 photographs, scrapbooks, and 500 audio recordings. Goodman moved to Stamford in the 1940s, and was a regular performer at Yale University.

"Goodman had a relationship with Yale over the last few decades before his passing," said Goodman scholar David Jessup. "Literally about a week before he died, Goodman had a meeting with the Yale University librarian, and as it turns out, he had contacted his lawyer, and made sure that was where all of that material was going to go."

The Goodman Papers have been safe and sound at the Gilmore Library for nearly 30 years, but in 2008, Remi Castonguay -- who until recently was the public services project manager at the Gilmore Library --noticed a telltale sign that the film stock was starting to deteriorate.

"You could smell a pretty intense smell of vinegar," Castonguay said.

Film preservationists call it vinegar syndrome. "Sixteen and 35 millimeter film have an acetate base, and after a while, the film starts eating itself up," Castonguay said.

Credit Yale University
Yale University
Remi Castonguay pored over all of Goodman's film reels for content and damage.

The clock was ticking on the film reels. Castonguay applied for, and received, a grant from the Arcadia fund to preserve the film. The first step: catalog each film, and then determine which reels were truly unique to the Goodman Papers, and get them restored.

David Jessup was brought in to help catalog the footage, and was amazed.

"There was a 1941 home movie of a house warming party, shot by one of Benny's sidemen. Being able to see the band members at that point was fun," Jessup said.

The collection also had performances, including a rare 1955 film of Goodman's small group in a recording session.

With the film reels prioritized and cataloged, Castonguay digitized each reel, and then sent the film to Colorlab in New York for the restoration process. Colorlab went with an analog to analog transfer, meaning the original film reel was duplicated onto another film reel.

"The main difference is that the duplicated reel is polyester based, and that's a very durable material," said Castonguay, who admitted that at first, the process seemed counterintuitive. Under the proper conditions, the film stock will last 500 years, he said.

With the film reels safe for the next few hundred years, the next step in the process will be to sync up the audio associated to the reels. Castonguay said access to the films will soon be available on site at the Gilmore Music Library at Yale.

Ray Hardman is Connecticut Public’s Arts and Culture Reporter. He is the host of CPTV’s Emmy-nominated original series Where Art Thou? Listeners to Connecticut Public Radio may know Ray as the local voice of Morning Edition, and later of All Things Considered.

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