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Cancer Answers is hosted by Dr. Anees Chagpar, Associate Professor of Surgical Oncology and Director of The Breast Center at Smilow Cancer Hospital at Yale-New Haven Hospital, and Dr. Francine Foss, Professor of Medical Oncology. The show features a guest cancer specialist who will share the most recent advances in cancer therapy and respond to listeners questions. Myths, facts and advances in cancer diagnosis and treatment are discussed, with a different focus eachweek. Nationally acclaimed specialists in various types of cancer research, diagnosis, and treatment discuss common misconceptions about the disease and respond to questions from the community.Listeners can submit questions to be answered on the program at canceranswers@yale.edu or by leaving a message at (888) 234-4YCC. As a resource, archived programs from 2006 through the present are available in both audio and written versions on the Yale Cancer Center website.

Daylight Saving Is Ending, So Let Your Kids Stay Up Later

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This Sunday, we move the clocks back one hour, marking the end of daylight saving time. It’s a welcomed extra hour of sleep for most teenagers and adults, but for younger kids and their parents the time change can really disrupt the routine. There is, however, a pretty simple way to address the transition—the trick is to start early. 

Adjusting the clocks in either direction can affect our sleep cycle. We become internally out of sync. And depending on sleep habits, that can be particularly challenging for children. 

“Broadly speaking, most kids before puberty, will be early risers,” said Dr. Craig Canapari, Director of the Pediatric Sleep Center at Yale.

"So, when we change the clocks, actually the internal clock doesn’t change," Canapari said.

For example, a child that normally goes to bed at 8:00 pm and wakes up at 6:00 am will be on a 7:00 pm to 5:00 am schedule when the clocks fall back an hour. But, Canapari said there is a relatively simple way to prepare for the transition, and it starts with a later bedtime.

"To give an example, my younger son, who’s six, goes to bed at 8:00 and gets up around 6:30 in the morning," said Canapari. "What we’re going to do is just move his bedtime to 8:30 pm Thursday, Friday, and Saturday. Then when we move his bedtime back to 8:00 on Sunday night, it just will make it go a little bit more smoothly."

Moving a child’s bedtime 30 minutes later gets them a half-step closer to the new time Canapari said. But some children, specifically children on the autism spectrum, require a slightly different approach.

“I may recommend just moving the child’s bedtime 10 minutes later each day for the week prior," Canapari said. "Like say 8:00, 8:10, 8:20. You’re just helping them to adjust the body clock.”

On the flip side, this is the best time for teenagers.

"And I don’t mean just the hour that they’re gaining, but also in terms of the biology of it," Canapari said. "It’s going to be a little bit closer to their natural inclination. Biologically, teenagers want to sleep from 11:00 or 12:00 at night to 8:00 or 9:00 in the morning."

Gaining that extra hour of sleep also presents an opportunity to get teenagers back on track, Canapari said, if they can maintain the new schedule.

Lori Connecticut Public's Morning Edition host.

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