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Cancer Answers is hosted by Dr. Anees Chagpar, Associate Professor of Surgical Oncology and Director of The Breast Center at Smilow Cancer Hospital at Yale-New Haven Hospital, and Dr. Francine Foss, Professor of Medical Oncology. The show features a guest cancer specialist who will share the most recent advances in cancer therapy and respond to listeners questions. Myths, facts and advances in cancer diagnosis and treatment are discussed, with a different focus eachweek. Nationally acclaimed specialists in various types of cancer research, diagnosis, and treatment discuss common misconceptions about the disease and respond to questions from the community.Listeners can submit questions to be answered on the program atcanceranswers@yale.edu or by leaving a message at 1-888-234-4YCC. As a resource, archived programs from 2006 through the present are available in both audio and written versions on the Yale Cancer Center website at www.yalecancercenter.org/answers/archives.html

E-Cigarette Company Juul Under The Microscope In Connecticut

Vaping 360
Attorney General William Tong said Wednesday July 31 that state will investigate Juul. That news came a day after Yale University scientists released a study related to chemical reactions within the product.

The state of Connecticut is launching an investigation into how one e-cigarette brand is marketed.

Attorney General William Tong announced on Wednesday that he’s sent a ‘civil investigative demand’ to Juul Labs Incorporated, the makers of Juul e-liquids.

The state is looking at Juul because Tong says that company has the largest share of sales in the e-cigarette market – one Nielsen estimated was 75 percent as of last October. Tong said that Juul markets itself as a smoking cessation product, but that they shouldn’t do so if they aren’t approved by the federal Food and Drug Administration.

“Connecticut is today taking aggressive action to protect children and families across Connecticut and across this country -- protection against products and marketing efforts that may be designed and targeted for children and that may be intended -- not to help you stop smoking -- but to produce dependency and addiction,” Tong said.

Juul said that its product is not for kids and that the company supports legislation to make it illegal for people under 21 to consume tobacco.

But Tong said e-cigarette use has become a huge issue in schools. He said that one in five high schoolers and one in 20 middle schoolers vape.

“Millions of American high schoolers and middle schoolers now vaping in school, in class, in school bathrooms and I don’t think it is an overstatement to say that this has become an epidemic,” Tong said.

Regarding smoking cessation, Juul Labs spokesperson Ted Kwong told Connecticut Public Radio in a written statement that it’s not his company’s intention to stop nicotine use, rather they want people to “switch” from combustible cigarettes to its e-liquids.

Yale Scientists Find Irritating Chemical Compound In Juul Products

Earlier this week, researchers at Yale University announced they’ve found that e-cigarette users may be inhaling chemicals that aren’t listed on the products and that can make them harmful to people's airways.

The laboratory of Julie Zimmerman, a professor of chemical and environmental engineering at Yale, found that the popular Juul e-cigarette contains a chemical compound called acetal, which, she said isn’t listed on the product bought by consumers.

Those additional chemicals in the product, according to Zimmerman, can interact in unexpected ways.

“Even if Juul labeled what they put in their product when they’re manufacturing it, the idea is that is as these are sitting on shelf, while they’re being handled and stored and transported and sold, they are reacting and the liquids that Juul produced are not the same products that the consumers are using when they buy them,” Zimmerman said.

An earlier study found that compounds irritate the airways of people who inhale e-cigarettes. Now, the researchers are confirming that the compounds are indeed found in certain Juul products.

Hanno Erythropel, an associate research scientist in Zimmerman’s lab, tested cells for the project that contained similar sensory nerves to that of the human airways.

“We don’t really know what happens in the body when you inhale these things for many years,” Erythropel said.

A Juul labs spokesperson disputes the Yale research, arguing that the study assumes consumers are inhaling an unrealistic amount of vapor.

“The researchers' hypothetical exposure analysis failed to take into account real world conditions, including realistic human exposure to vapor products like Juul,” said Ted Kwong.

While the researchers aren’t entirely sure how people will be affected by long-term-use, they do believe that the products can be irritating and therefore, they want their findings to be considered when e-cigarettes are being regulated.

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