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The Death Of George Floyd: A Moment, Or A Movement?

Joe Amon
Connecticut Public/NENC
Melinda Johnson spills the first of many tears during a heartfelt outcry of "I can’t breathe" at the symbolic funeral to eulogize George Floyd at the Connecticut State Capitol in Hartford on June 3, 2020.";

Six pallbearers, all black men wearing white gloves and cloth masks, met the hearse. One, a pastor in black and gold clerical robes, raised a clenched right fist as he helped carry the steel-gray casket Wednesday to a bier outside the Connecticut Capitol in Hartford.

The casket was empty. George Floyd — the man they had come to mourn, whose death they had come to protest — lay dead in Minneapolis, some 1,300 miles away. 

His death at the knee of a white police officer has been marked by protest and pepper spray, outside the White House and across much of the U.S. And here a line of police officers stood waiting by the north steps of the State Capitol. 

But it was an expression of respect, not intimidation. They were chiefs and ranking officers of the Capitol police and departments in Hartford and its suburbs, all invited by a minister’s wife, Melinda Johnson. 

Credit Joe Amon / Connecticut Public/NENC
Connecticut Public/NENC
The empty casket to mourn the loss of George Floyd and other Black people killed by police and white men is brought to the Connecticut State Capitol.

Johnson also is the director of community engagement at the YWCA Hartford Region, an institution that has redefined its mission in recent years as empowering women and eliminating racism. She was ready to engage.

Her boss, Adrienne Cochrane, smiled and told the mourners that Johnson called her at 6:45 a.m. Saturday and asked, “What we gonna do?”

Four days later, a seemingly endless funeral cortege departed from Hopewell Baptist Church in Windsor, following a hearse donated by Howard K. Hill into Hartford on North Main Street, then right on Tower and left on Barbour — a tour of places that Hill says are untouched since the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.

Hartford Mayor Luke Bronin and Lt. Gov. Susan Bysiewicz were in the procession. House Republican Leader Themis Klarides watched for a while. Gov. Ned Lamont paid his respects later, giving rise to a challenge by Melinda Johnson’s husband, Pastor A.J. Johnson of the Urban Hope Refuge Church, to do better — much better.

“Gov. Lamont, we need you to step up for our communities of color. We need you to provide funding,” Johnson said, his voice rising in volume and tempo, reaching a shout. “We need you to return phone calls. We need you to get your staff in order to fight for our people.”

The black clergyman, the pallbearer who raised his fist, took a breath.

“I don’t say it in rage,” he said. “I say it in love. We need you right now.”

Lamont just listened.

The pastor’s wife leaned forward and spoke into her husband’s ear.

“Thank you, wife,” he said, his voice soft. “I love you.”

Credit Joe Amon / Connecticut Public/NENC
Connecticut Public/NENC
Denise Best of Voices of Women of Color spoke during an outcry quoting Assata Shakur, saying, "It is our duty to fight for our freedom," at the symbolic funeral to eulogize George Floyd at the Connecticut State Capitol in Hartford on June 3.

Melinda Johnson would say later there was plenty of anger and frustration, a desire to be heard in the halls of power. But above all, Johnson said, she wanted a moment to come together, something lost in the pandemic. She wanted a place to grieve.

“We also are in anguish,” she said.

One by one, mourners representing the “Divine Nine,” the nine historically black Greek letter fraternities and sororities, were called forward. They placed flowers, yellow and red roses, then a purple arrangement on the coffin. Names of other victims of police violence were read.

A.J. Johnson asked them to think of those unknown to the public, “all those people before iPhones.”

Cochrane, who fought tears at times, thanked the racially diverse group for coming, but warned that difficult conversations lay ahead.

“Our job is not to make you comfortable,” she said.

Credit Joe Amon / Connecticut Public/NENC
Connecticut Public/NENC
Bishop John Selders of Moral Monday spoke during the symbolic funeral to eulogize George Floyd at the Connecticut State Capitol on June 3.

There were only hints of where to go, what to do. But she and others said a call to action is coming, one that will be directed at the governor, the General Assembly and Connecticut as a whole.

“If there is no call to action, it’s just words,” said Cochrane, the chief executive of the YWCA. “People said why a funeral procession? Why this? It’s the symbolism. So, it’s George Floyd today, but it represents every last black man and woman who has died senselessly and unjustly. It’s the symbolism.”

America is watching and listening, she said, and it’s an opportunity that must be grasped.

“Let me be very clear, I will never glorify violence. I will never glorify looting,” Cochrane said. “But I have a question: America, do you hear us now?”

Tears streaming down her face, Melinda Johnson said no one can know when or if an opportunity to make a difference will come.

“We wait for someone to call our name on a stage where we can make a contribution that matters, where we can say something, do something that matters,” she said. “George Floyd took his very last breath and said, ‘Mama, I can’t breathe.’ He didn’t know that it would take him laying in a box dead before a nation called his name.”

The only legislator to speak was state Sen. Douglas McCrory, D-Hartford, an educator not known for oratory on the Senate floor. He stepped to a lectern before the coffin, pulled down his mask and began to talk.

“I tell you what we are, black folk, we’re tired. We’re numb. We’re traumatized and we don’t know what to do next,” McCrory said. “I can’t tell you how many brothers that I spoke to who are not political, who are just everyday brothers, that reached out to me and asked me, ‘What we gonna do?’ ”

He paused.

“Young people, you have the right to be angry,” he said. “You have the right to protest. You have the right to be upset. ‘Cause we have systems in place that need to be disrupted, systems like our educational system, our criminal justice system, our health care system, our housing system. They need disruption. They are not working.”

McCrory acknowledged the law enforcement officers, the white mourners interspersed among the black and brown. He said he appreciated their presence. He asked them to prepare for uncomfortable conversations, “not kumbaya.”

“It’s time to put words to action. We’ve been talking too much. It’s time for action,” McCrory said. But he said that action must be focused, directed at the centers of power.

He urged peace — action, but peace.

“We cannot win this fight by burning down our own communities,” McCrory said. “We cannot win this fight by picking up arms and shooting people. We are outnumbered and outgunned. That’s not how it’s going to happen. So the other option is the ballot.”

McCrory said America was at a moment, much as it was in the days after King’s assassination. He wondered if there was an opening to attack the racism that he sees so deeply burrowed into American life.

“The odd thing about it, it’s so much ingrained in American culture that when we protest against racism, people think we are protesting against America,” he said. “And we’re not. We’re not.”

McCrory said everyone must decide if the moment will pass or be a catalyst.

“There is a difference between a moment and a movement,” McCrory said. “And I know it’s popular for elected officials and anyone else to be out here today, saying how they care and how they’re concerned. That’s a moment. And I ain’t got no time for a moment. We need a movement.”

Credit Joe Amon / Connecticut Public/NENC
Connecticut Public/NENC
The gloves of the pallbearers were placed on the empty casket to mourn the loss of George Floyd at the Connecticut State Capitol on June 3.

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